Warning - Level 3, Avoid Nonessential Travel
Alert - Level 2, Practice Enhanced Precautions
Watch - Level 1, Practice Usual Precautions
CDC urges all US residents to avoid nonessential travel to Guinea because of an unprecedented outbreaks of Ebola. CDC recommends that travelers to Guinea protect themselves by avoiding contact with the blood and body fluids of people who are sick, because of the possibility they may be sick with Ebola.
CDC recommends practicing enhanced precautions when traveling to Sierra Leone(http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/notices/warning/ebola-sierra-leone). CDC no longer recommends US residents practice enhanced precautions when traveling to Liberia(http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/notices/warning/ebola-liberia).
What is the current situation?
For more than one year, Liberia, Guinea, and Sierra Leone have been experiencing the largest and most complex outbreaks of Ebola in history. Outbreaks are continuing in Guinea(http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/notices/warning/ebola-guinea). Currently, there are no known cases of Ebola in Liberia and Sierra Leone. Civil unrest and violence against aid workers have been reported in West Africa as a result of the outbreak. The public health infrastructure in Guinea is being severely strained as the outbreak grows. CDC is closely monitoring the situation and will update information and advice for travelers as needed.
CDC recommends that US residents avoid nonessential travel to Guinea. If you must travel, such as for humanitarian aid work in response to the outbreak, protect yourself by following CDC’s advice for avoiding contact with the blood and body fluids of people who are sick with Ebola.
The recommendation to avoid nonessential travel is intended to help control the outbreak and prevent continued spread in two ways: to protect US residents who may be planning travel to the affected areas, and to enable the government of Guinea to respond most effectively to contain this outbreak. CDC is committed to the multinational effort to help Guinea control the outbreak and is scaling up its response activities by, among other things, deploying additional staff to the affected countries. Substantial international humanitarian assistance is required, and CDC encourages airlines to continue flights to and from the region to facilitate transport of teams and supplies essential to control the outbreak. Healthcare and management experts who have specialized skills and experience working in this kind of environment are needed to help in countries with Ebola. All aid workers should be affiliated with a recognized humanitarian aid organization.
For more information, visit 2014 Ebola Outbreak in West Africa on the CDC Ebola website.
What is Ebola?
Ebola is a rare and deadly disease. The disease is caused by infection with one of the Ebola virus species (Zaire ebolavirus, Sudan ebolavirus, Bundibugyo ebolavirus, or Tai Forest ebolavirus). Ebola is spread by direct contact (through broken skin or mucous membranes in, for example, the eyes, nose, or mouth).
- with the blood or body fluids (such as urine, saliva, sweat, feces, vomit, breast milk, and semen) of a person who is sick with or has died from Ebola;
- with objects (such as needles and syringes) contaminated with body fluids of a person who is sick with or has died from Ebola;
- with infected fruit bats and primates (apes and monkeys); and
- possibly with semen from a man who has recovered from Ebola (for example, contact during oral, vaginal, or anal sex).
Signs of Ebola include fever and symptoms such as severe headache, fatigue (feeling very tired), muscle pain, vomiting, diarrhea, stomach pain, or unexplained bleeding or bruising.
To help identify students who present to the Carroll University Student Health Center at risk for Ebola, the Student Health Center has added an Ebola screening question to our sign in form. If a patient would answer yes to the screening question the patient would be brought back to the exam room immediately for a risk assessment and evaluation as per CDC recommendations.
- CDC is not recommending colleges and universities isolate or quarantine students, faculty, or staff based on travel history alone.
- However, the CDC recommends that Colleges and universities identify students, faculty, and staff who have been in countries where Ebola outbreaks are occurring within the past 21 days and should conduct a risk assessment with each identified person to determine his or her level of risk exposure (high- or low-risk exposures, or no known exposure).
- To protect the Carroll Community, University Administration asks that any student, faculty, or staff member who has traveled to a country where Ebola outbreaks are occurring or has been exposed to Ebola within the past 21 days and who is NOT ill should call the Student Health Center 262-524-7233, Waukesha Public Health Department 262-896-8430, or Waukesha Memorial Hospital 262-928-2332 for a risk assessment. Also, if students have any visitors on campus from countries with Ebola outbreaks, Waukesha Public Health would like to be notified; please call 262-896-8430.
- Any student, faculty, or staff member who has traveled to a country where Ebola outbreaks are occurring within the past 21 days and who IS ill should call Waukesha Public Health Department 262-896-8430 or Waukesha Memorial Hospital 262-928-2332 BEFORE going to Waukesha Memorial Hospital Emergency Department so the ER is prepared. Ill people who have traveled to high risk areas or have been exposed to Ebola should not come to the Student Health Center or any area clinics and should only go to Waukesha Memorial ER after calling first.
What should I do if I have traveled to one of the countries where the Ebola outbreaks are happening?
Contact the StudentHealth Center 262-524-7233, Waukesha Public Health Department 262-896-8430, or Waukesha Memorial Hospital 262-928-2332 for a risk assessment as outlined above.
Pay attention to your health after you return:
- Monitor your health for 21 days.
- Take your temperature every morning and evening.
- Watch for other Ebola symptoms: severe headache, muscle pain, vomiting, diarrhea, stomach pain, or unexplained bleeding or bruising.
- If your temperature is 100.4°F (38°C) or higher or you have any other Ebola signs or symptoms, seek medical care immediately: call Waukesha Public Health Department 262-896-8430 or Waukesha Memorial Hospital 262-928-2332 BEFORE going to Waukesha Memorial Hospital Emergency Department so the ER is prepared.
- Limit your contact with other people when you travel to the doctor; avoid public transportation.
- Do not travel anywhere except to the hospital.
- Limit your contact with other people if you are sick. Do not go to work, classes, or other student activities until you have been medically evaluated.
- During the time that you are monitoring your health, if you have no symptoms, you can continue your normal activities, including work and school. If you get symptoms of Ebola, it is important to stay separated from other people and to call your doctor right away.